Even though it is an old breed, descending from the sheepdogs back in the Middle Ages, it was officially recognized only in 1925. It participated alongside the Beauceron and Briard in the first canine exhibition in 1863, Paris.
It is a medium to large-sized dog, with a rectangular, strong, vigorous body and an elegant look. The head is massive and broad, with the skull the same length as the muzzle which is a bit tapered and ends with a big, black nose. The head is covered with long hair, forming the beard and whiskers. The eyes are medium-sized and dark brown. The ears are medium-sized, wide at the bottom, pointed and erect. The tail is long and slightly curved at the tip. The fur is double-layered, with a medium lengh, rough and wiry outer layer. The colors of the fur can be: dark-red, gray, black, silver, light or darker fawn.
Brave and devoted to its master, it is a lively, intelligent, energetic and stubborn dog. It is noisy and it likes to bark. It is friendly with children and it accepts strangers. It gets along well with other dogs or other pets, but can be moody.
It needs to be brushed and combed regularly.
It is resistant to weather changes. It needs a master who can give it attention and time. It needs socialization and training.
Because it is stubborn and moody, the training will be a little harder to do. It needs socialization and consistent training from an early age in order for the dog to become well-ballanced. The training must be done on a cheerful, gentle tone, not harsh, to prevent it from losing its confidence in the owner.
It is a great watchdog and a loving companion.