This breed originated in Wales like the Welsh Gorgi Cardigan, which it resembles. It was brought to Wales in the year 1107 by the Flemish weavers. The dogs brought by the weavers were related to the Northern dogs, the Samoyed and the Elkhound that had the same origin as the Celtic dogs.
It is a small-sized dog, well built, with a rather long body and short legs. The head is wide and flat between the ears with a slightly tapered muzzle, looking like the head of a fox. The eyes are medium-sized, egg-shaped, slanting, set apart and dark. The ears are medium-sized, a bit round-ended and erect. It has a small stumpy tail or it can be born without one. The fur has medium length, thick and rough hair. It can have the following colours: reddish, beige, black, fawn, with or without white spots on the neck, chest or paws.
This dog is highly intelligent, tireless, active, brave, alert, hard-working and sometimes rather stubborn. It will bond very strongly to its master and accepts children if they don’t tease it. It is not excessively suspicious of strangers and can be somewhat dominant with other dogs.
It doesn’t require too much grooming, an occasional brushing will do.
This dog is very resistant to weather changes, it likes to live outdoors, but can also adapt in a flat with to an active family. It needs socialization, training and activities.
This breed can be easily trained because of its ability to learn very quickly. Generally it doesn’t wander too far from its owner but it needs a lot of exercise, that’s why it’s better to train it in various activities, agility courses and flyball.
It was used for a long time as a watchdog for herds and houses. Today it is used more as a companion dog or very rarely for hunting.