It is considered one of the oldest breeds in the world and it was used by the population of Greenland for sleighing and hunting seals and polar bears.
It is a large dog, muscular, powerful, with a rectangular body. The head is broad, triangular, with a conical muzzle, with a big, black or dark red nose, turning pink in cold weather. The eyes are medium-sized, slanting and dark. The ears are small, triangular, set apart and erect. The tail is of medium length, bushy and arched on its back. The coat is double-layered with a thick, soft, dense inner layer and the outer layer having rough, straight, thick hair that can be any color except white.
It is an energetic, strong, intelligent, balanced, independent and dominant dog. It is friendly with everyone including strangers, children and other dogs. Despite being independent, it will still get attached to a member of the family. It howls rather than barks. It has strong hunting instincts and, therefore, this breed is not trustworthy near other small animals in the yard.
During the shedding period, combing is recommended in order to remove the dead hair.
This dog is very resistant to weather changes. It feels good outdoors in a colder climate with an active master. It cannot bear being left alone, therefore the purchase of two specimens is recommended. It needs a lot of exercise, like pulling a sleigh or carriage. This breed is not recommended to people who have no time or possibility to offer this type of exercise. It must not work in temperatures over 15°C.
It is an independent dog, therefore harder to train. It is not a family dog, rather a sleigh dog, pulling sleighs being something it does well. If left alone, it has the tendency to wander off.
It is used to pull sleighs.