It is an old British breed that was developed by crossing the Skye Terrier with the Manchester Terrier and the Dandie Dinmont Terrier. It was raised by the miners in York county. Some improvements were made to the breed, obtaining today's Yorkshire, highly appreciated and loved both in England and other countries. Initially, it was used to hunt mice and rats in the mines and mills of Yorkshire. Then, it became a companion dog and was very fashionable in the Victorian age. The present name was given in 1870.
It is a small, well-proportioned dog. It has a small, flat head, the muzzle is equal in length to the skull. It has a strong jaw, covered with very long hair and a small and black nose. The eyes are medium-sized and dark. The ears are small, V-shaped, erect and covered with short hair. The tail is docked to medium length and kept high over the back and covered with rich hair. The Yorkshire's coat is made of very long, straight, silky, glossy and smooth hair. The pups are born black and brown and only after 2 years will they have the characteristic colours: golden-brown with metallic gray. The hair on the head and the forehead is often rich and long and should be tied on top of its head to clear the eyes. The coathas a parting along the back.
It is a brave and determined dog, intelligent, lively, cheerful, alert and vigilant. It is a sensitive dog and should be treated with kindness and affection. It is obedient and devoted to its master. Gets along well with children and with other household animals. Guests are always announced and it barks when there is danger. Some specimens may have a reckless attitude towards other dogs.
The coat should be brushed and combed daily. The hair on the head must be tied to protect the eyes. It can also be cut, short and then the fur won’t need so much grooming. Because they are sensitive to cold, in winter, they should wear protective clothing.
It is a great apartment dog. It must be treated with a lot of love and affection, being a sensitive dog. It has a medium level of activity and will enjoy short walks. It can adapt to a less active master.
It is a breed easy to train. The training must be consistent, varied, done with kindness and with a lot of love in order to make the dog enjoy itself so it will do anything the master tells him.
It is a good guard dog and a pleasant and loving companion.