It's one of the four Belgian shepherd dogs considered one breed with four varieties in all countries, except the U.S.A, where each variety is considered a separate breed. Its ancestor is the Persian shepherd dog, from which, through many crossbreedings, the present day specimens resulted. In the Middle Ages there were many types of Belgian shepherd dogs. In 1891 a commitee of experts decided that the Belgium shepherd dogs have the same length of the body and the same shape, the difference being in the length, texture and colour of the fur. These four types were the names of the regions where there were developed.
It is a dog with a well-proportionated, medium-sized, harmonious body, with strong muscles and an elegant look. The head is of medium length, with a muzzle of the same length as the skull and rather narrow at the top. The eyes are almond-shaped and dark brown. The ears are triangular, placed high, stiff, erect and medium-sized. The tail is of medium lenght and is carried low, the tip a little curved, with long, rich hair. The fur is made of short hair, slightly longer on the neck where it forms a collar and shorter on the head. It is reddish-yellow, with a black area around the muzzle.
It is not hard to train because it is an obedient dog which learns pretty fast. It is an independent breed with a strong character and that is why they need training from an early age and getting accustomed to new things, people and animals. They must not be hit and a gentle, but firm tone should be used. Most of these dogs enjoy ball games, swimming, running beside a bike and long walks. They are successful in agility contests and flyball.
Used in the past to guard flocks, today this dog is used more as a companion dog and also for security and protection.