The name of this breed comes from Nova Scotia, a Canadian province, where it was developed. It is supposed to descend from the red trap dogs, that were crossbred with Spaniels, Retrievers, Setters and Collies in order to obtain this breed. It has a unique hunting method - it makes a lot of noise on the water shore, jumping and running after the sticks thrown by the hunters, without barking. The wild ducks are lured by the noise of the splashed water and they get in the hunter's sights and the dog fetches them afterwards from the water.
It is a medium-sized dog, with a body long rather than tall and sturdy. The skull is wide, slightly rounded, with a conical, not too long muzzle and a flat nose is black or brown. The eyes are medium-sized, oval, spaced and light-coloured. The ears are triangular with rounded tips, placed high, of medium size and drooping. The tail is long and bushy. The fur is double-layered, with a thick, fluffy inner layer and an outer layer made of medium length, straight, waterproof hair, that can be orange to red with white patches on the paws, chest, tip of the tail and on the muzzle.
This dog is intelligent, friendly, attentive, lively and sociable. It is obedient and devoted to its master, patient and friendly with children, cautious with new situations and people, including strangers. It gets along well with other dogs and other household animals.
This dog's fur must be brushed weekly and more often during the shedding period.
It is a dog resistant to weather changes and with a high level of activity, which likes to exercise, to swim, to fetch, doing well in flyball, agility and training competitions. It feels best with an active master and in an enclosed yard where it can move freely. It needs socialization and training.
It is an easy to train dog because it is intelligent, obedient and keen on working for its master. With a consistent and varied training, great results can be achieved.
It is a dog used for hunting wild birds in water and on land and also as a lovely companion.